Memory loss can also be called amnesia, which is a condition in which a person has difficulty remembering facts or past experiences. People with memory loss may also have difficulty forming new memories.
Memory loss (amnesia) is not only often associated with a blow to the head or an accident, but can also be caused by a variety of other conditions, such as disorders of the thyroid gland, to HIV, tuberculosis, and syphilis, which if not treated, can affect performance. brain, including the memory center.
Various Causes Of Memory Loss
Head injuries are often a common cause of a person experiencing memory loss. A hard blow to the head that can cause short-term or long-term memory loss.
In addition, there are also several other causes of memory loss, including:
- Alzheimer’s disease
Memory loss is one sign of this condition. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia, and usually affects people over the age of 65. Memory loss due to dementia in Alzheimer’s disease, is affected by decreased cognitive abilities due to damage and impaired brain cell function. Alzheimer’s is a fatal, degenerative, and progressive brain disease.
- Stroke Stroke
survivors may experience partial or short-term memory loss. In a stroke, a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked or bursts, so that blood flow to the brain stops. This causes impaired brain function, including memory loss.
Encephalitis, which is inflammation of the brain tissue, can be caused by infection. When inflammation causes damage to memory centers in the brain, memory loss can occur.
- Brain anoxia
Lack of oxygen to brain tissue can cause disturbances in brain function. Including memory function, so memory loss can occur. This condition can be affected by heart attacks, respiratory problems, to carbon monoxide poisoning.
- Mental health
disorders These mental health disorders can make it difficult for a person to concentrate and focus, which can affect memory. In conditions of severe stress, trauma, and depression, memories related to the cause can be blocked as a form of self-defense. This condition is often known as psychogenic amnesia.
Some medications can interfere with a person’s memory, such as sleeping pills, antidepressants, pain medications, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, and tranquilizers. For this reason, it is necessary to take the drug according to the doctor’s advice.
Excessive alcohol consumption in a short period of time, can cause a person to experience memory loss during drunkenness. In the long term, alcoholism can cause the body to experience a vitamin B1 deficiency (thiamine deficiency), and develop Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, which causes a person to unknowingly lose his memory.
Overcoming Memory Loss
To overcome memory loss, firstly we need to know the cause. The following are some ways that can be done to overcome memory loss:
- Memory loss due to head injury, will generally recover over time in the healing period.
- Stroke sufferers who have memory problems can take therapy to practice some activities that may be forgotten, such as tying shoelaces.
- Although until now there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but doctors may provide useful treatment to maintain the ability to think and memory.
- Memory disorders caused by certain drugs can be overcome by changing the drugs consumed.
- Stress, trauma, or depression that causes disturbances in memory can be treated with treatment for depression, or antidepressant medication. In this way, usually the memory will slowly return to normal after the depression begins to disappear. Psychotherapy assistance and behavioral therapy, can also help restore memory and mental condition of the sufferer.
There are several things that can be done in an effort to prevent memory loss:
- Avoid excessive alcohol use alkohol
- Also avoid using drugs outside of the doctor’s advice
- Always use head protection (helmet) when driving, or when doing sports with a risk of head injury
- If you receive treatment to treat an infection, take treatment until it is finished so that the infection does not spread to the brain through the bloodstream
- Seek medical help immediately, if you or anyone else experiences symptoms of a stroke, such as severe headaches, weakness or paralysis of one side of the body.
To overcome memory loss, treatment will be given according to the cause, and usually referred to a specialist according to the underlying disease, such as a neurologist or psychiatrist.
Memory loss may improve, worsen, or may persist for life. This condition is serious and may have limitations. Therefore, support from family and closest relatives plays an important role in his recovery.